Ministry health

Monkeypox spreads through sex: Ministry | Health

Today the Department of Health released guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of monkeypox in humans. In the guidelines, the Department of Health said monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus.

Symptoms of monkeypox may include fever, headache, muscle aches and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, exhaustion, respiratory symptoms (eg, sore throat, nasal congestion or cough). A rash that may look like pimples or blisters that appears on the face, inside the mouth, and on other parts of the body, such as the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or throat. anus.

The rash goes through different stages before it heals completely. The illness usually lasts 2 to 4 weeks. Sometimes people have a rash first, followed by other symptoms. Others only experience a rash. After infection, there is an incubation period of approximately 6 to 13 days (ranging from 5 to 21 days). The development of initial symptoms such as fever, malaise, headache, weakness marks the beginning of the prodromal period.

People with monkeypox will develop an early set of symptoms (prodrome). A person can sometimes be contagious during this time. Early symptoms include fever, malaise, headache, sometimes sore throat and cough, and lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes).

During the recovery phase, monkeypox symptoms may last 2 to 4 weeks and then disappear. The patient has no clinical symptoms, the scars on the skin may affect the aesthetics and they are not contagious during this period.

The Department of Health has also divided monkeypox cases into three types. The third type is asymptomatic people infected with monkeypox virus without any clinical symptoms. The second type is people with mild symptoms that usually go away after 2-4 weeks without any specific treatment. Finally, severe people are usually in high-risk groups, including pregnant women, the elderly, children, people with underlying medical conditions, immunocompromised people that can lead to death, usually from the second sick week.

In particular, the Ministry of Health has also classified treatments according to the type of disease. As a result, basic health facilities in communes, neighborhoods and districts will treat asymptomatic cases and mild cases with common symptoms of the disease.

Large infirmaries will provide treatment for serious or potentially serious cases, including newborns, immunocompromised people, the elderly, underlying illnesses, patients with serious complications and pregnant women.

Monkeypox is spread in different ways. The virus can be spread from person to person through direct contact with the infectious rash, scabs or body fluids, respiratory secretions during prolonged face-to-face contact or during intimate physical contact, like a kiss, a hug or sex. .

By Nguyen Quoc – Translated by Uyen Phuong