Following the announcement that Cambodia recorded its first case of Monkeypox yesterday – in a Nigerian who had fled Thailand – the Ministry of Health has issued a series of preventive measures against the transmission of Monkeypox in Cambodia.
Firstly, the ministry is appealing to people who have been in direct contact with the Nigerian man with Monkeypox, who was discovered on July 24, 2022 in Phnom Penh, to be isolated from their families and seek medical assistance or call 115 for timely medical care. intervention to prevent the spread of Monkeypox in their families and in our community.
At the same time, the Ministry wishes to call on all citizens living in the Kingdom of Cambodia to be more vigilant and actively participate in the implementation of measures to prevent the spread of Monkeypox in accordance with the directives of the Ministry of Health.
Individuals, families and communities should continue to pay attention to the implementation of measures to prevent the transmission of personal and other illnesses as follows:
1. For suspected or sick cases:
If the person has the following symptoms: rash, itchy blisters on the body, palms, soles, feet and face, accompanied by fever above 38.5 degrees Celsius and headache , swollen lymph nodes, muscle and body aches, low back pain, exhaustion, with a history of travel to places where Monkeypox is endemic, they should be kept in isolation for immediate medical examinations or immediate referral to a nearby hospital.
For the above persons, the laboratory test is performed by taking a sample of the wound from the suspect or patient according to the correct technical specifications and sending it for analysis to the laboratory of the Institute of Public Health or the Institut Pasteur in Cambodia.
Isolation should be in place until the patient is cured or has a positive lab test for the virus.
2. For the general population:
Practice good hygiene and clean living by washing your hands with soap and alcohol and prevent respiratory infections.
Avoid direct contact with people with the disease or suspicious people, including sexual contact, especially skin or blisters, until the disease is cleared.
Avoid touching the patient’s or suspected patient’s equipment, such as clothing, pillows, plates, spoons, glasses, water, etc., and wash that person’s equipment separately.
Asymptomatic suspects should not be sedated and can work normally, just being careful not to touch others during the 21-day follow-up with the patient.
Avoid contact with animals (living or dead) and maintain good hand hygiene. Do not touch any organ of the body and wash your hands immediately with soap or alcohol.
People with a rash with fever and the above symptoms should seek immediate medical attention and be isolated immediately until the diagnosis is confirmed by laboratory analysis.
Local authorities must continue to educate people about health and raise awareness about infection prevention in their communities.
3. For physicians practicing in health establishments (public and private):
Sensitization and education of caregivers and health workers should be done to prevent and stop transmission in a timely manner, especially health workers should implement strict self-protection measures and pay attention to the proper management of infection in the hospital.
Implement infection prevention in hospitals or health centers in accordance with medical techniques that have been trained and guided in the past in the context of HIV-19 prevention.
When encountering suspected cases or patients, the patient should wear personal protective equipment (PPE) before contact with suspected patients or individuals.
All hospitals and health centers must monitor and report any suspected cases in order to continue the investigation.
Monitor and identify clusters of infections, sources of infection, to prevent re-infection as soon as possible.
Use caution and closely monitor patients with rash or pustular rash, who often have fever and the symptoms described above.
Strengthening the disease surveillance system in hospitals is very important to be able to quickly detect suspected cases or cases and be able to take timely health measures to prevent transmission in families and communities.
4. For international travellers:
Officers at international ports of entry should pay particular attention to passengers entering Cambodia if a person develops a rash, itching or blisters on the body, accompanied by fever and the symptoms described above and has a history of travel from African countries endemic to Monkeypox, such as Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone and South Sudan
These cases should be immediately reported to the health authorities or to 115.
There is no ban for travelers from any country to enter Cambodia.
5. Technical cooperation:
In addition to the above measures, the Ministry of Health is working closely with the World Health Organization (WHO) to monitor the global spread of Monkeypox in the region and in the country, and is intensifying surveillance of those infected. to cut off the transmission. online in a timely manner.
6. For more information:
If you have any questions about this case or for more information, please contact 115 or 012 825 424 or 012 836 868 or 012 958 179.
- Key words: monkeypox in cambodia